1. The type of reasoning Trump used to arrive at this conclusion was an informal fallacy, or in particular a hasty generalization. Hasty generalization is where a conclusion is reached based on insufficient evidence and not considering all of the variables. Trump shows informal fallacy as he has graded 30 of the 300 midterm tests, observes that these 30 tests have grades between 60%-70%, and assumes as a conclusion that the rest of the 270 midterm tests will all have similar grades. Trump makes an assumption on 30 out of 300 midterm tests and does not consider all the variables. In this case the variables would be the 270 remaining midterm tests that were unmarked. It is not safe to save time and just give everyone a C+ as it is completely unfair to the 270 students who studied and gave it their best effort on that midterm, for their tests not to be graded and their marks to be assumptions.
Control Group → Normal radish seeds planted in a pot and placed near a window as seeds get proper amount of sunlight and maintain normal growth. Subject Group → Irradiated radish seeds planted in a pot and placed near a window as seeds get proper amount of sunlight and maintain normal growth. Group 1 → Normal radish seeds Group 2 → Irradiated radish seeds Variable added → Sun ray is shined towards the Irradiated radish seeds pot (subject group) causing exposure to high levels of ionizing radiation. (Sunshine consists of non-ionizing radiation but the sun’s ray carries ionizing radiation)
Group 1 Group 1
Group 2 (Variable added) Sun ray is shined towards the Irradiated radish seeds pot→ → → → →
Responses: → Control group maintained normal growth with no signs of cellular damage. → Subject group experienced cellular damage and abnormal growth. → Variable added to subject group affected its growth as ionizing radiation can cause radish seeds and other plants to become sick, stunted and worse comes to worse, possible death.
Statistically Significant Experiment: