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SOSC 1000 Midterm Exam Review Notes Page 1 SOSC 1000 Midterm Exam Review Notes Page 2 SOSC 1000 Midterm Exam Review Notes Page 3 SOSC 1000 Midterm Exam Review Notes Page 4
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Mid-Term Exam Review SOSC 1000
Note: I suggest you read from the pages I have noted beside each point to get a better understanding of things. I wrote out simplified versions but it would be beneficial to look over the pages.
PART A) Define (who, what, when, why) and explain the significance of (how) of the following terms: 1. Thomas Hobbes (Shusky reading, page 30-32 course kit) o Who: 17th Century thinker o Where: England, mid 1600s o What: Explored nature of human condition, believed human behaviour should be studied, not taken for granted. Also believed that humans naturally tend to compete, in continual state of war, and only by subjecting themselves to a common power could they live in reasonable security. People should enter into a social contract, agreeing to limit personal freedom in order to have social stability. o Why: Enlightenment, move away from Roman and Greek classical thinking to “People should think for themselves; Strife between England and France, social and political unrest; questioning the system (Catholics vs. Protestants). o Significance: His ideas lead to other thinkers critique and discussion over the matter of human autonomy, and ability to shape their own destinies (including fraternity, equality, right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness constitutional rights, charter of rights etc . are based on this!). Before this discussion came up- the church and monarchies enforced the notion of fixed, God-given human condition and behaviour (people are where they are in the hierarchy because God wanted it that way).  His ideas lead John Locke to come up with counter ideas (he did not agree with Hobbes’ absolutist theory). He explored rights of individuals, position of the individual in society- “political power is only justified by the public good”- property rights more priority than government’s rights.  People were starting to disagree with King’s divine right to ruleand so the monarchs strengthened themselves by teaming up with powerful merchants- expanded trade and unified economy-